You will have a relationship between race and gender, so that African women that are american

Hypothesis 2

Will report more negative attitudes toward gay guys than toward lesbians.



Individuals had been 224 self-identified heterosexual females involving the many years of 18 and 30 who have been recruited through the Department of Psychology undergraduate research pool at a big metropolitan college when you look at the southeastern united states of america. The therapy division is just one of the biggest within the liberal arts college and reflects the broad diversity that is regional of undergraduate pupils. Individuals taken care of immediately a statement en titled, “Cultural Differences in personal Attitudes. ” All individuals received course that is partial because of their involvement.

As suggested by Savin-Williams (2006), individuals’ heterosexual orientation ended up being determined via their reactions into the Kinsey Heterosexuality-Homosexuality Rating Scales (KRS; Kinsey, Pomeroy, & Martin, 1948). More especially, among self-identified heterosexual individuals, an orientation that is heterosexual verified by recommendation of exclusive heterosexual arousal to males (for example., no reported sexual arousal to females) and intimate experiences that took place mostly or solely with guys. As noted by Savin-Williams (2006), intimate orientation is many reliably evaluated whenever numerous aspects of intimate orientation ( ag e.g., arousal, behavior, self-identification) are congruent. Furthermore, predicated on work regarding intimate orientation identification, Savin-Williams (2006) advised that the priority that is highest be provided with to indices of sexual arousal rather than self-identification and reports of intimate behavior. Certainly, these latter the different parts of sexual orientation tend to be more prone to context that is social, self-report biases, and adjustable meanings. Including, prior intimate experiences with people of the exact same intercourse may express intimate experimentation without attendant arousal to people in the same intercourse.

Dining Table 1

Test Means (SD) and Percentages for Age, Education degree, union Status, Average Yearly Income

Note. Individuals one of them table comprise the sample that is final for theory screening. There have been 38 African women that are american 37 White ladies omitted for later on hypothesis assessment.

Computer-Administered Questionnaires

Individuals completed self-report measures adapted for computer management via MediaLab 2000 (Empirisoft analysis computer Software, Philadelphia, PA). Each item and group of directions had been presented sequentially on the pc display for each self-report measure.

Demographic kind

This form that is self-report information such as for example age, many years of formal training, self-identified intimate orientation, self-identified racial membership, and relationship status.

Kinsey Heterosexual-Homosexual Rating Scale (KRS; Kinsey et al., 1948)

A modified form of this tool had been utilized to evaluate prior sexual arousal and experiences. This 7-point scale asks individuals to speed their intimate arousal and behavioral experiences from 1 (“exclusively heterosexual”) to 7 (“exclusively homosexual”). As noted previously, only individuals who reported exclusive sexual arousal to men and behavioral experiences which were mostly or solely with men had been contained in the analyses (Savin-Williams, 2006).

Attitudes Toward Gay Men Scale (ATGS; Herek, 1988)

This 10-item Likert-type scale examined intimate prejudice particularly toward homosexual guys. Ratings are normally taken for 10 (acutely positive attitudes) to 90 (exceptionally negative attitudes), with greater ratings showing greater degrees of intimate prejudice toward homosexual males. Sample products include “i believe male homosexuals are disgusting” and “Homosexual behavior between two guys is simply plain incorrect. ” Internal consistency with this measure typically surpasses. 80, that was in keeping with the current research (? =. 88).

Attitudes Toward Lesbians Scale (ATLS; Herek, 1988)

This 10-item scale that is likert-type intimate prejudice particularly toward lesbians. Responses cover anything from 10 (acutely good attitudes) to 90 (incredibly negative attitudes), with greater ratings indicating greater degrees of intimate prejudice toward lesbians. Sample products include “Female homosexuality is definitely a form that is inferior of” and “Lesbians are ill. ” Interior consistency coefficients because of this scale typically surpass. 85, that has been in line with the sample that is present? =. 87).


Upon arrival into the laboratory, one of two White, female research assistants greeted individuals and led them to an exclusive room where they offered consent that is informed. The study associate told individuals that the goal of the research would be to measure the relationship between cultural distinctions, social attitudes, and relationship behavior. Individuals had been then informed which they would asked to accomplish questionnaires that are several a computer, and that this technique would just take roughly 20 moments. All individuals had been informed which they could will not respond to any question without penalty. Then, participants separately finished self-administered measures, like the demographic type, KRS, ATGS, and ATLS. While extra questionnaires and procedures had been finished, they’ve been unrelated to your study that is present, consequently, aren’t reported. Finally, individuals had been debriefed, compensated with program credit, and thanked for his or her involvement.


Descriptive Analyses

Dining Table 2

Means (SD) for Sexual Prejudice Toward Gay Men and Lesbians Among African United states and White Women

Note. sexier model sign up Inside a variable line and a adjustable line, means with various superscript notations vary considerably at p * 10 (low intimate prejudice) ?90 (high intimate prejudice).